Mid North Coast Pioneers - Newcastle to Lismore and beyond

Trikojus - Victor Martin

Dr. Victor Martin “Trik” TRIKOJUS CBE B.Sc D.Sc Ph.DAge: 8219021985

Name
Dr. Victor Martin “Trik” TRIKOJUS CBE B.Sc D.Sc Ph.D
Name prefix
Dr.
Given names
Victor Martin
Surname
TRIKOJUS
Name suffix
CBE B.Sc D.Sc Ph.D
Nickname
Trik
Birth February 5, 1902 22
Citation details: 520/1902 TRIKOJUS VICTOR M MARTIN A CHARLOTTE J SYDNEY
Publication: Web Site
Text:

Trikojus, Victor Martin (Trik) (1902–1985)

by L. R. Humphreys

This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 18, (MUP), 2012

Victor Martin Trikojus (1902-1985), professor of biochemistry, was born on 5 February 1902 at Darlinghurst, Sydney, eldest child of Martin August Trikojus, a hairdresser from East Prussia, and his New South Wales-born wife, Charlotte Josephine, née Thompson. Following his father’s death in 1911, Victor helped family finances by selling newspapers on Milsons Point railway station. He was captain (1920) of Sydney Technical High School before studying at the University of Sydney (B.Sc., 1925; D.Sc., 1956) and gaining first-class honours in organic chemistry. An 1851 Exhibition scholarship took him to Queen’s College, University of Oxford (D.Phil., 1934). He spent nine months in Munich in 1927 working on the structure and synthesis of alkaloids with Professor Heinrich Wieland before returning to a lectureship (1928) in Sydney.

Trik—as he was generally known—had a striking appearance. Tall and athletic, he possessed a physical and intellectual vigour that was matched by a forceful personality and direct form of address. Music, theatre, books and a love of sport sustained his enjoyment of life. On 11 November 1932 at the office of the registrar general, Sydney, he married Russian-born Lisuscha (Elizabeth) Annie Engels (d.1984). Appointed lecturer (1934) in medical organic chemistry in the medical faculty, Trikojus began developing an interest in thyroid metabolism leading to publications with Charles Lambie and Arnold Loeser. He worked with the latter while on sabbatical leave at the University of Freiburg, Germany, in 1936.

Back in Sydney, from 1940 Trikojus chaired the drugs sub-committee established by the Australian Association of Scientific Workers to ensure Australia had access to essential pharmaceuticals during World War II. The professional resentment of Dr Adolph Bolliger and the excessive patriotism of Professor Victor Bailey prompted them to denounce Trikojus, who had publicly praised Germany’s economic recovery and, in correspondence with German scientists, implied sympathy with some of their government’s goals. On 17 January 1941 he was incarcerated under National Security Regulations. Hearing his appeal, an advisory committee noted that many witnesses supported him as ‘a man of high ideals as regards scientific research and public duty’ and ‘a loyal and valuable citizen’. He was released in April 1941, although restricted in his activities and denied recovery of legal costs.

With G. K. Hughes, Trikojus then developed a process for synthesising sulphaguanidine, a drug urgently required to treat the bacillary dysentery that was debilitating troops fighting the Japanese in Papua and New Guinea. Trikojus’s patriotism was evident when he ceded patent rights to Monsanto Ltd, who had refused production if a patent were pending. With colleagues he also developed mersalyl to aid the control of sepsis in wounds, suggested the use of merthiosal to prevent fungal growth on optical instruments in the tropics, and facilitated the production of vitamin C.

In March 1943 Trikojus was appointed professor of biochemistry at the University of Melbourne, where he devoted much energy to developing the pre-eminent Russell Grimwade School of Biochemistry, and continued research on the breakdown of thyroglobulin. In 1948 he and F. J. R. Hird had first identified triiodothyronine (T3), the major active molecule of thyroid metabolism, a discovery generally attributed to Rosalind Pitt-Rivers, who had seen their paper but omitted mention of it. Trikojus’ integration of organic chemistry and biochemistry, and his identification of links to other disciplines, was seminal. He was a foundation member (1955), chairman (1956), and honorary life member (1964) of the Australian Biochemical Society and a fellow (1954), and vice-president (1964-66) of the Australian Academy of Science.

Beyond his own work, Trikojus helped to transform the focus of his university from that of an undergraduate teaching institution to a place of research, postgraduate education and international exchange. He was Melbourne’s first professorial dean of graduate studies (1963-65) and a foundation member (1965-66) of the Australian Research Grants Committee. Serving on committees directed to the safe labelling of foods, the control of harmful substances and the promotion of necessary additives, he influenced many advances in human health in Australia. A true internationalist, he worked for the United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization and the International Union of Biochemistry, being elected to the council of the latter in 1967.

Trikojus was a ‘god-professor’, unfailingly courteous, if hierarchical, and exercising a natural authority and compassionate paternalism. On retirement in 1968, he was made an honorary research professor. He was appointed CBE (1971) and in 1982 a lecture theatre at Melbourne was named after him. Suffering Parkinson’s disease in his later years, Victor Trikojus died on 27 January 1985 at Kew and was cremated. He was survived by his daughter and son. A portrait by Louis Kahan is held by the university

Education
Address: 686 Forest Road
School or college: Sydney Technical High School
Birth of a brotherMaurice TRIKOJUS
about 1906 (Age 3)
Citation details: 575/1906 TRIKOJUS MAURICE MARTIN A CHARLOTTE J SYDNEY
Birth of a sisterBertha TRIKOJUS
about 1908 (Age 5)
Citation details: 31871/1908 TRIKOJUS BERTHA MARTIN A CHARLOTTE J SYDNEY
Death of a fatherMartin August TRIKOJUS
August 25, 1911 (Age 9)
Cause: Pneumonia
Citation details: 8652/1911 TRIKOJUS MARTIN A HENRIETTA SYDNEY
Citation details: 26 August 1911, page 13.
Trikojus - Martin A - Funeral Notice
Trikojus - Martin A - Funeral Notice

Note: Downloaded from Trove.

Publication: Sydney, NSW, Australia. Fairfax Ltd.
Citation details: 26 August 1911, page 14
Trikojus - Martin A - Death Notice
Trikojus - Martin A - Death Notice

Note: Downloaded from Trove.

Education
Bachelor of Science and Doctor of Science
between 1920 and 1956 (Age 17)
School or college: University of Sydney
Publication: Daily newspaper centred in Sydney
Citation details: 1 December 1927, page 12
Trikojus - Dr. V. M. - Brilliant Scholar
Trikojus - Dr. V. M. - Brilliant Scholar

Note: Downloaded from Trove.

Marriage of a parentAndrew J MACPHERSONCharlotte DREWView this family
about 1922 (Age 19)
Citation details: 10280/1922 MACPHERSON ANDREW J TRIKOJUS CHARLOTTE ST LEONARDS
Birth of a half-sisterJean MACPHERSON
April 21, 1923 (Age 21)

Citation details: 14 jUNE 2014
Text:

iN PART:

"Jean Macpherson, who was born on 21 April 1923 and died on 2 April 1997."

Education
Doctor of Philosophy
1927 (Age 24)
School or college: University of Oxford
Publication: Daily newspaper centred in Sydney
Citation details: 1 December 1927, page 12.
Trikojus - Dr. V. M. - Brilliant Scholar
Trikojus - Dr. V. M. - Brilliant Scholar

Note: Downloaded from Trove.

MarriageLisucha Annie ENGELSView this family
November 11, 1932 (Age 30)
Address: Office of the Registrar General
Marriage of a siblingDr. Thomas N BOLGERBertha TRIKOJUSView this family
October 27, 1934 (Age 32)
Citation details: 19218/1934 BOLGER THOMAS N TRIKOJWA BERTHA WOOLLAHRA
Publication: Newspaper; Toowoomba, Qld; 1875 - 1948
Citation details: 30 June 1937, page 1.
Incarcerated
Under National Security Regulations
between January 17, 1941 and April 1941 (Age 38)
Occupation
Professor of biochemistry
March 1943 (Age 41)

Employer: University of Melbourne
Publication: Web Site
Text:

Trikojus, Victor Martin (Trik) (1902–1985)

by L. R. Humphreys

This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 18, (MUP), 2012

Victor Martin Trikojus (1902-1985), professor of biochemistry, was born on 5 February 1902 at Darlinghurst, Sydney, eldest child of Martin August Trikojus, a hairdresser from East Prussia, and his New South Wales-born wife, Charlotte Josephine, née Thompson. Following his father’s death in 1911, Victor helped family finances by selling newspapers on Milsons Point railway station. He was captain (1920) of Sydney Technical High School before studying at the University of Sydney (B.Sc., 1925; D.Sc., 1956) and gaining first-class honours in organic chemistry. An 1851 Exhibition scholarship took him to Queen’s College, University of Oxford (D.Phil., 1934). He spent nine months in Munich in 1927 working on the structure and synthesis of alkaloids with Professor Heinrich Wieland before returning to a lectureship (1928) in Sydney.

Trik—as he was generally known—had a striking appearance. Tall and athletic, he possessed a physical and intellectual vigour that was matched by a forceful personality and direct form of address. Music, theatre, books and a love of sport sustained his enjoyment of life. On 11 November 1932 at the office of the registrar general, Sydney, he married Russian-born Lisuscha (Elizabeth) Annie Engels (d.1984). Appointed lecturer (1934) in medical organic chemistry in the medical faculty, Trikojus began developing an interest in thyroid metabolism leading to publications with Charles Lambie and Arnold Loeser. He worked with the latter while on sabbatical leave at the University of Freiburg, Germany, in 1936.

Back in Sydney, from 1940 Trikojus chaired the drugs sub-committee established by the Australian Association of Scientific Workers to ensure Australia had access to essential pharmaceuticals during World War II. The professional resentment of Dr Adolph Bolliger and the excessive patriotism of Professor Victor Bailey prompted them to denounce Trikojus, who had publicly praised Germany’s economic recovery and, in correspondence with German scientists, implied sympathy with some of their government’s goals. On 17 January 1941 he was incarcerated under National Security Regulations. Hearing his appeal, an advisory committee noted that many witnesses supported him as ‘a man of high ideals as regards scientific research and public duty’ and ‘a loyal and valuable citizen’. He was released in April 1941, although restricted in his activities and denied recovery of legal costs.

With G. K. Hughes, Trikojus then developed a process for synthesising sulphaguanidine, a drug urgently required to treat the bacillary dysentery that was debilitating troops fighting the Japanese in Papua and New Guinea. Trikojus’s patriotism was evident when he ceded patent rights to Monsanto Ltd, who had refused production if a patent were pending. With colleagues he also developed mersalyl to aid the control of sepsis in wounds, suggested the use of merthiosal to prevent fungal growth on optical instruments in the tropics, and facilitated the production of vitamin C.

In March 1943 Trikojus was appointed professor of biochemistry at the University of Melbourne, where he devoted much energy to developing the pre-eminent Russell Grimwade School of Biochemistry, and continued research on the breakdown of thyroglobulin. In 1948 he and F. J. R. Hird had first identified triiodothyronine (T3), the major active molecule of thyroid metabolism, a discovery generally attributed to Rosalind Pitt-Rivers, who had seen their paper but omitted mention of it. Trikojus’ integration of organic chemistry and biochemistry, and his identification of links to other disciplines, was seminal. He was a foundation member (1955), chairman (1956), and honorary life member (1964) of the Australian Biochemical Society and a fellow (1954), and vice-president (1964-66) of the Australian Academy of Science.

Beyond his own work, Trikojus helped to transform the focus of his university from that of an undergraduate teaching institution to a place of research, postgraduate education and international exchange. He was Melbourne’s first professorial dean of graduate studies (1963-65) and a foundation member (1965-66) of the Australian Research Grants Committee. Serving on committees directed to the safe labelling of foods, the control of harmful substances and the promotion of necessary additives, he influenced many advances in human health in Australia. A true internationalist, he worked for the United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization and the International Union of Biochemistry, being elected to the council of the latter in 1967.

Trikojus was a ‘god-professor’, unfailingly courteous, if hierarchical, and exercising a natural authority and compassionate paternalism. On retirement in 1968, he was made an honorary research professor. He was appointed CBE (1971) and in 1982 a lecture theatre at Melbourne was named after him. Suffering Parkinson’s disease in his later years, Victor Trikojus died on 27 January 1985 at Kew and was cremated. He was survived by his daughter and son. A portrait by Louis Kahan is held by the university

Death of a motherCharlotte DREW
January 4, 1955 (Age 52)
Citation details: 3 June 2014
Text:

In part:

"She died January 4 1955 in Sydney."

Citation details: 77/1955 MACPHERSON CHARLOTTE J JOHN JANE SYDNEY
Retirement 1968 (Age 65)
Employer: University of Melbourne
Death of a brotherMaurice TRIKOJUS
about 1979 (Age 76)
Citation details: 13329/1979 TRIKOJUS MAURICE MARTIN CHARLOTTE JOSEPHINE
Death of a wifeLisucha Annie ENGELS
1984 (Age 81)
Citation details: Australia Death Index, 1787-1985
Text:

Name: Elizabeth Annie Trikojus Death Place: Kew, Victoria Age: 78 Father's Name: Herman R Engels Mother's name: Nat Antoinette Registration Year: 1984 Registration Place: Victoria Registration Number: 200 Estimated birth year: abt 1906

Death January 27, 1985 (Age 82)
Citation details: Australia Death Index, 1787-1985
Text:

Name: Victor Martin Trikojus Death Place: Kew, Victoria Age: 98 Father's Name: August Martin Mother's name: Jo Charlotte Registration Year: 1985 Registration Place: Victoria Registration Number: 03420 Estimated birth year: abt 1887

Family with parents - View this family
father
mother
Marriage: July 11, 1901Sydney, , New South Wales, Australia
7 months
himself
5 years
younger brother
Maurice TRIKOJUS
Birth: about 1906 26Sydney, , New South Wales, Australia
Death: about 1979New South Wales, Australia
3 years
younger sister
Mother’s family with Andrew J MACPHERSON - View this family
step-father
mother
Marriage: about 1922St. Leonards, , New South Wales, Australia
16 months
half-sister
Family with Lisucha Annie ENGELS - View this family
himself
wife
Marriage: November 11, 1932Sydney, , New South Wales, Australia

BirthT - Births Registered in New South Wales
Citation details: 520/1902 TRIKOJUS VICTOR M MARTIN A CHARLOTTE J SYDNEY
BirthAustralian Dictionary of Biography - Online Edition
Publication: Web Site
Text:

Trikojus, Victor Martin (Trik) (1902–1985)

by L. R. Humphreys

This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 18, (MUP), 2012

Victor Martin Trikojus (1902-1985), professor of biochemistry, was born on 5 February 1902 at Darlinghurst, Sydney, eldest child of Martin August Trikojus, a hairdresser from East Prussia, and his New South Wales-born wife, Charlotte Josephine, née Thompson. Following his father’s death in 1911, Victor helped family finances by selling newspapers on Milsons Point railway station. He was captain (1920) of Sydney Technical High School before studying at the University of Sydney (B.Sc., 1925; D.Sc., 1956) and gaining first-class honours in organic chemistry. An 1851 Exhibition scholarship took him to Queen’s College, University of Oxford (D.Phil., 1934). He spent nine months in Munich in 1927 working on the structure and synthesis of alkaloids with Professor Heinrich Wieland before returning to a lectureship (1928) in Sydney.

Trik—as he was generally known—had a striking appearance. Tall and athletic, he possessed a physical and intellectual vigour that was matched by a forceful personality and direct form of address. Music, theatre, books and a love of sport sustained his enjoyment of life. On 11 November 1932 at the office of the registrar general, Sydney, he married Russian-born Lisuscha (Elizabeth) Annie Engels (d.1984). Appointed lecturer (1934) in medical organic chemistry in the medical faculty, Trikojus began developing an interest in thyroid metabolism leading to publications with Charles Lambie and Arnold Loeser. He worked with the latter while on sabbatical leave at the University of Freiburg, Germany, in 1936.

Back in Sydney, from 1940 Trikojus chaired the drugs sub-committee established by the Australian Association of Scientific Workers to ensure Australia had access to essential pharmaceuticals during World War II. The professional resentment of Dr Adolph Bolliger and the excessive patriotism of Professor Victor Bailey prompted them to denounce Trikojus, who had publicly praised Germany’s economic recovery and, in correspondence with German scientists, implied sympathy with some of their government’s goals. On 17 January 1941 he was incarcerated under National Security Regulations. Hearing his appeal, an advisory committee noted that many witnesses supported him as ‘a man of high ideals as regards scientific research and public duty’ and ‘a loyal and valuable citizen’. He was released in April 1941, although restricted in his activities and denied recovery of legal costs.

With G. K. Hughes, Trikojus then developed a process for synthesising sulphaguanidine, a drug urgently required to treat the bacillary dysentery that was debilitating troops fighting the Japanese in Papua and New Guinea. Trikojus’s patriotism was evident when he ceded patent rights to Monsanto Ltd, who had refused production if a patent were pending. With colleagues he also developed mersalyl to aid the control of sepsis in wounds, suggested the use of merthiosal to prevent fungal growth on optical instruments in the tropics, and facilitated the production of vitamin C.

In March 1943 Trikojus was appointed professor of biochemistry at the University of Melbourne, where he devoted much energy to developing the pre-eminent Russell Grimwade School of Biochemistry, and continued research on the breakdown of thyroglobulin. In 1948 he and F. J. R. Hird had first identified triiodothyronine (T3), the major active molecule of thyroid metabolism, a discovery generally attributed to Rosalind Pitt-Rivers, who had seen their paper but omitted mention of it. Trikojus’ integration of organic chemistry and biochemistry, and his identification of links to other disciplines, was seminal. He was a foundation member (1955), chairman (1956), and honorary life member (1964) of the Australian Biochemical Society and a fellow (1954), and vice-president (1964-66) of the Australian Academy of Science.

Beyond his own work, Trikojus helped to transform the focus of his university from that of an undergraduate teaching institution to a place of research, postgraduate education and international exchange. He was Melbourne’s first professorial dean of graduate studies (1963-65) and a foundation member (1965-66) of the Australian Research Grants Committee. Serving on committees directed to the safe labelling of foods, the control of harmful substances and the promotion of necessary additives, he influenced many advances in human health in Australia. A true internationalist, he worked for the United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization and the International Union of Biochemistry, being elected to the council of the latter in 1967.

Trikojus was a ‘god-professor’, unfailingly courteous, if hierarchical, and exercising a natural authority and compassionate paternalism. On retirement in 1968, he was made an honorary research professor. He was appointed CBE (1971) and in 1982 a lecture theatre at Melbourne was named after him. Suffering Parkinson’s disease in his later years, Victor Trikojus died on 27 January 1985 at Kew and was cremated. He was survived by his daughter and son. A portrait by Louis Kahan is held by the university

EducationAustralian Dictionary of Biography - Online Edition
Publication: Web Site
EducationNewspaper - Sydney Morning Herald
Publication: Daily newspaper centred in Sydney
Citation details: 1 December 1927, page 12
Trikojus - Dr. V. M. - Brilliant Scholar
Trikojus - Dr. V. M. - Brilliant Scholar

Note: Downloaded from Trove.

EducationAustralian Dictionary of Biography - Online Edition
Publication: Web Site
EducationNewspaper - Sydney Morning Herald
Publication: Daily newspaper centred in Sydney
Citation details: 1 December 1927, page 12.
Trikojus - Dr. V. M. - Brilliant Scholar
Trikojus - Dr. V. M. - Brilliant Scholar

Note: Downloaded from Trove.

EducationAustralian Dictionary of Biography - Online Edition
Publication: Web Site
MarriageAustralian Dictionary of Biography - Online Edition
Publication: Web Site
IncarceratedAustralian Dictionary of Biography - Online Edition
Publication: Web Site
OccupationAustralian Dictionary of Biography - Online Edition
Publication: Web Site
Text:

Trikojus, Victor Martin (Trik) (1902–1985)

by L. R. Humphreys

This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 18, (MUP), 2012

Victor Martin Trikojus (1902-1985), professor of biochemistry, was born on 5 February 1902 at Darlinghurst, Sydney, eldest child of Martin August Trikojus, a hairdresser from East Prussia, and his New South Wales-born wife, Charlotte Josephine, née Thompson. Following his father’s death in 1911, Victor helped family finances by selling newspapers on Milsons Point railway station. He was captain (1920) of Sydney Technical High School before studying at the University of Sydney (B.Sc., 1925; D.Sc., 1956) and gaining first-class honours in organic chemistry. An 1851 Exhibition scholarship took him to Queen’s College, University of Oxford (D.Phil., 1934). He spent nine months in Munich in 1927 working on the structure and synthesis of alkaloids with Professor Heinrich Wieland before returning to a lectureship (1928) in Sydney.

Trik—as he was generally known—had a striking appearance. Tall and athletic, he possessed a physical and intellectual vigour that was matched by a forceful personality and direct form of address. Music, theatre, books and a love of sport sustained his enjoyment of life. On 11 November 1932 at the office of the registrar general, Sydney, he married Russian-born Lisuscha (Elizabeth) Annie Engels (d.1984). Appointed lecturer (1934) in medical organic chemistry in the medical faculty, Trikojus began developing an interest in thyroid metabolism leading to publications with Charles Lambie and Arnold Loeser. He worked with the latter while on sabbatical leave at the University of Freiburg, Germany, in 1936.

Back in Sydney, from 1940 Trikojus chaired the drugs sub-committee established by the Australian Association of Scientific Workers to ensure Australia had access to essential pharmaceuticals during World War II. The professional resentment of Dr Adolph Bolliger and the excessive patriotism of Professor Victor Bailey prompted them to denounce Trikojus, who had publicly praised Germany’s economic recovery and, in correspondence with German scientists, implied sympathy with some of their government’s goals. On 17 January 1941 he was incarcerated under National Security Regulations. Hearing his appeal, an advisory committee noted that many witnesses supported him as ‘a man of high ideals as regards scientific research and public duty’ and ‘a loyal and valuable citizen’. He was released in April 1941, although restricted in his activities and denied recovery of legal costs.

With G. K. Hughes, Trikojus then developed a process for synthesising sulphaguanidine, a drug urgently required to treat the bacillary dysentery that was debilitating troops fighting the Japanese in Papua and New Guinea. Trikojus’s patriotism was evident when he ceded patent rights to Monsanto Ltd, who had refused production if a patent were pending. With colleagues he also developed mersalyl to aid the control of sepsis in wounds, suggested the use of merthiosal to prevent fungal growth on optical instruments in the tropics, and facilitated the production of vitamin C.

In March 1943 Trikojus was appointed professor of biochemistry at the University of Melbourne, where he devoted much energy to developing the pre-eminent Russell Grimwade School of Biochemistry, and continued research on the breakdown of thyroglobulin. In 1948 he and F. J. R. Hird had first identified triiodothyronine (T3), the major active molecule of thyroid metabolism, a discovery generally attributed to Rosalind Pitt-Rivers, who had seen their paper but omitted mention of it. Trikojus’ integration of organic chemistry and biochemistry, and his identification of links to other disciplines, was seminal. He was a foundation member (1955), chairman (1956), and honorary life member (1964) of the Australian Biochemical Society and a fellow (1954), and vice-president (1964-66) of the Australian Academy of Science.

Beyond his own work, Trikojus helped to transform the focus of his university from that of an undergraduate teaching institution to a place of research, postgraduate education and international exchange. He was Melbourne’s first professorial dean of graduate studies (1963-65) and a foundation member (1965-66) of the Australian Research Grants Committee. Serving on committees directed to the safe labelling of foods, the control of harmful substances and the promotion of necessary additives, he influenced many advances in human health in Australia. A true internationalist, he worked for the United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization and the International Union of Biochemistry, being elected to the council of the latter in 1967.

Trikojus was a ‘god-professor’, unfailingly courteous, if hierarchical, and exercising a natural authority and compassionate paternalism. On retirement in 1968, he was made an honorary research professor. He was appointed CBE (1971) and in 1982 a lecture theatre at Melbourne was named after him. Suffering Parkinson’s disease in his later years, Victor Trikojus died on 27 January 1985 at Kew and was cremated. He was survived by his daughter and son. A portrait by Louis Kahan is held by the university

RetirementAustralian Dictionary of Biography - Online Edition
Publication: Web Site
DeathAustralian Dictionary of Biography - Online Edition
Publication: Web Site
DeathWeb Site - ancestry.com.au
Citation details: Australia Death Index, 1787-1985
Text:

Name: Victor Martin Trikojus Death Place: Kew, Victoria Age: 98 Father's Name: August Martin Mother's name: Jo Charlotte Registration Year: 1985 Registration Place: Victoria Registration Number: 03420 Estimated birth year: abt 1887